Hairdressing scissors are specialised tools that separates them from ordinary kitchen or office scissors with:
– It’s Quality,
– The Steel it’s made from and
– Sharpness of it’s Blades
SHARPNESS These slices cleanly through the hair, leaving the cut section in the best possible condition. A blunt scissor, or a non-hairdressing scissor, will rip and tear its way through the hair, giving your poor client worse split ends than she had before your cut.
DESIGN The second attribute of hairdressing scissors is their design – they are designed especially to be held in your hand, and to be used in an easy and effortless way that allows you to get through hours of cutting every day without too much strain or discomfort. There is a wide variety of hairdressing scissors, as well as many different price ranges. Scissors are categorised as: Cutting shears and Thinning shears.
STEEL QUALITY The quality of the steel is extremely high. You will get more “cutting pleasure” and a higher performance from these scissors.
The better quality of the more expensive scissors means that they will usually last longer, and experts will be available to service and sharpen them, ensuring that their good performance lasts a lifetime.
TYPES OF STAINLESS STEEL there are two types of stainless steel shears; 440 and 420 which are sometimes known as J2.
The differences between the two types are dependent on the amount of carbon and chromium in the metals. A higher quality of stainless steel will have a good amount of both carbon and chromium because the carbon makes the steel strong while the chromium gives it resistance to rusting. So you may want to choose scissors that are made with a good combination of both.
There are Grades of 440A , 440B and 440C: Grades 440A and 440B are identical except for slightly lower carbon contents. Although all three versions of this grade are standard grades, in practice 440C is more available than the A or B variants and is a type of modern steel and famous for its high corrosion resistant, wear resistance, strength and hardness qualities.
BLADES Blades of Scissors should be selected to match the performance you are going to do, There are two types of blades:
- Classic bevel edge blade This is a hard type of blade, which is originally developed by the Germans. It is recommended for a durable impact, but it requires more efforts during the hair cut.
- Convex blade This is the latest type of blade, which is developed by the Japanese. The convex blade offers you precision cutting experience, and requires less efforts and strain
CHOOSING HANDLE If you pay attention to the handle of the scissors, you can have a comfortable hair dressing experience. There are basically three types of handle designs that you can choose from:
- Handles with opposite grip, good for professionals, who cut with thumb and middle finger.
- Handle with Offset grip, good for those, who use thumb and ring finger.
- Handle with crane grip, most ergonomically designed for industry professionals
CHOOSING BLADE LENGTH The length of the blade depends not only on the size of your hand, but also on the hair cutting technique that hairdresser would use. You can measure the length of scissors from the tip to your finger hole.
CARE & MAINTENANCE The first rule of scissors is don’t drop them! Hairdressing scissors are finely balanced and after one drop onto a tiled floor they may never be the same again.
– Scissors must be cleaned and oiled at the end of every working day, paying special attention to the pivot area, and stored somewhere safe.
– When a scissor starts to get blunt it should be sharpened or replaced, because a blunt scissor will tear the client’s hair and cause you unnecessary strain when cutting.